Closeness and linkness in balleans

  • I.V. Protasov Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • K. Protasova Faculty of Computer Science and Cybernetics Kyiv University
Keywords: Coarse structure; ballean; coarse space; closeness; linkness; rigidity; stability


A set $X$ endowed with a coarse structure is called ballean or coarse space. For a ballean $(X, \mathcal{E})$, we say that two subsets $A$, $B$ of $X$ are close (linked) if there exists an entourage $E\in \mathcal{E}$ such that $A\subseteq E [B]$, $B\subseteq E[A]$ (either $A, B$ are bounded or contain unbounded close subsets). We explore the following general question: which information about a ballean is contained and can be extracted from the relations of closeness and linkness.


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How to Cite
Protasov I, Protasova K. Closeness and linkness in balleans. Mat. Stud. [Internet]. 2020Mar.17 [cited 2021Dec.9];53(1):100-8. Available from: