Factorisation of orthogonal projectors
We study the problem of a special factorisation of an orthogonal projector~$P$ acting in the Hilbert space $L_2(\mathbb R)$ with $\dim\ker P<\infty$. In particular, we prove that the orthogonal projector~$P$ admits a special factorisation in the form
$P=VV^*$, where $V$ is an isometric upper-triangular operator in the Banach algebra of all linear continuous operators in $L_2(\mathbb R)$. Moreover, we
give an explicit formula for the operator $V$.
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